taught by Yasir Qadhi
The Etiquettes of Drinking
The etiquettes for eating would also include the etiquettes of drinking, but there are a few additional things to note for drinking:
1.) Drinking in three sips
Anas reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) breathed three times (outside the vessel) in the course of a drink and said: “It is more thirst- quenching, healthier and more wholesome.” [Muslim, 23/5030]
Does this mean that you should drink your entire glass in three sips? No. This means that a normal gulp that you take should be in three sips.
Our religion is perfect, whether or not modern science proves it. But there is no harm in mentioning the health benefits of following this as well. Drinking in small doses is healthier for you. As a matter of fact, if someone is dying of thirst, drinking an entire glass of water at once can kill him.
2.) Not blowing or breathing in the container of water
Abu Qatada reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade breathing in a vessel. [Muslim, 23/5028]
In another hadith, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Do not keep the container close in between sips.” Move it away so that you can breathe and then bring it back. This has led to the common misunderstanding that it is makrooh to blow on food or drink.
The scholars say that during the Prophet’s time, the people would share the food on a platter or in a bucket, etc. It is simple etiquette that you don’t blow into the container, etc. Now we know medically that that is the #1 way of spreading viruses. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam basically said that if you drink from a common container, don’t blow and breathe into it. The scholars say that if you have an individual cup, it is not makrooh to blow into it. This is the difference between a student of knowledge and a scholar. The scholars used common sense here and not taking it literally.
This prohibition applies to common utensils.
It is perfectly fine, for example, for a mother to blow on the food before giving it to her child.
3.) Is it makruh to drink while standing?
There is a difference of scholarly opinion over this. The opinion of Ibn Taymiyyah, an Nawawi and the majority of scholars is that you should drink while sitting if you are able. If there is any reason for which you must stand and drink, that is completely fine. It is a matter which is mubah.
If you contradict these rulings out of laziness or greed, this is not a sin per se, Allah did not make the religion so difficult. If you follow these etiquettes, wanting to follow the sunnah, then Allah will reward you and bless you.