I can’t get over how little the author wrote about ‘Aisha radiyallahu ‘anha (may Allah be pleased with her). I mean…this is ‘AISHA! She is probably the greatest female scholar of Islam, and all I get from An-Nawawi’s commentary is a page?! I looked up her stories in my Islamic library at home, but I guess there’s not loads of stuff in English 😦 I wish I knew Arabic! Non-Arabic readers are so deprived of Islamic knowledge and history. I remember my aunt from Pakistan sent me a fat book on her….but I can’t read urdu either 😦 woe is me…
But, as my hubby pointed out, perhaps it is because there is so much to talk about ‘Aisha that the author didn’t go into details.
Bismillah. ‘Aisha’s parents were Abu Bakr and Umm Rooman. Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq – who needs no introduction! – was the Prophet’s closest friend, one of the greatest companions, the first khalifa of Islam … and there are just too many praises for Abu Bakr 🙂
Once, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam appointed ‘Amr ibn Al Aas as a commander. He was very happy, and so he went to ask the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “Who amongst people is dearest to you?” He said: “‘Aisha.” ‘Amr said: “Who amongst men?” He said: “Her father.” (Sahih Muslim 31/5876) So not only did the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam say that he loved her the most, when asked who was dearest to him amongst the men the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam didn’t say “Abu Bakr”, but he said “her father.”
I remember going to a halaqa for youngsters once, and the speaker asked, “Who was the favorite wife of the Prophet – ‘Aisha or Khadijah?” Then he went on to say that some questions have more than one answer 🙂 Both wives were very dear to him. Khadijah was the first wife of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and while he was married to her, he didn’t marry any other. But ‘Aisha is known for how she was beloved to the Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and she was even called the sweet heart of the Messenger of Allah.
Allah subhaana wa ta’aala Himself defended her innocence in the Qur’an (when the incident of the slander happened). ‘Aisha says about that, “I considered myself too unworthy to be talked of by Allah with something that was to be recited, but I hoped that Allah’s Messenger might have a vision in which Allah proved my innocence.” And Allah did prove her innocence through the Qur’an, and those ayaat will be recited by all Muslims until the day of judgment. (from a very lengthy hadith in Women Around the Messenger.)
It was in her room that the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed away and is buried. And it was in her lap that he died. ‘Aisha said, “The Prophet died in my house on the day of my turn while he was leaning on my chest closer to my neck, and Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva.” ‘Aisha added, “‘AbdurRahman came with a Siwak and the Prophet was too weak to use it, so I took it, chewed it and then (gave it to him and he) cleaned his teeth with it.”(Sahih Bukhari 4/53/332)
‘Aisha was very knowledgable. As a matter of fact, Az-Zuhri said, “The first person to remove distress from the people and explain to them the Sunnah regarding that was ‘Aisha.”
She was a great scholar of Islam and an expert on domestic affairs. Az-Zuhri also says:
“If Aisha’s knowledge is compiled and compared to the knowledge of all women, her knowledge will surely excel theirs.”
Al-Hakim said, “One fourth of the rule of Shari’ah was narrated on the authority of Aisha.”
Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari, a very knowledge companion, said, “Whenever a hadith was unclear to us – we the companions of Allah’s Messenger – and we asked Aisha about it, we always gained knwoledge about that hadith from her.”
Allah’s Apostle said, “Many amongst men reached (the level of) perfection but none amongst the women reached this level except Asiya, Pharaoh’s wife, and Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran. And no doubt, the superiority of ‘Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (i.e. a meat and bread dish) to other meals.” (Sahih Bukhari 4/55/623)
Aisha was a great narrator of hadith and a distinguished jurist. She knew the laws of inheritance well. She was very knowledgable of Arabic history and literature. The number of hadith attributed to her authority reach 2210. May Allah be pleased with her.
inshaAllah we will have the discussion of hadith #5 next