Bismillah. This is a continuation of our Prophet’s series. There is very little known about these two Prophets – Sheeth (Seth) and Idris (Enoch), so we will be mentioning them both in one post.
Sheeth, or Seth, is actually not mentioned in the Qur’an. This Prophet of Allah is mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Fifty Scriptures were sent down upon him.” (Ibn Hibbaan)
It is mentioned by some of the scholars that he is the son of Adam, and that Adam gave him the responsibility of leading when he was passing away. So Adam gave wasiyya to Sheeth to take care of the affairs of mankind. Sheeth assumed responsibility after his father, Adam.
That is almost all of what we know about Sheeth ‘alayhis salaam.
Most of the scholars say that Idrees is a nabiy that came between Sheeth and Nuh ‘alayhis salaam. There is an opinion of Ibn Mas’ood that Idrees is the same nabiy as Ilyaas, but that is a lonely opinion; the rest say that he was a nabiy between Sheeth and Nuh.
Ibn Ishaaq said that he was the first man to write with a pen. He was born when Adam still had 308 years of his life to live.
Allah did mention of Idrees in the Qur’aan: “And mention in the Book (the Quran) Idris (Enoch).Verily! He was a man of truth, (and) a Prophet. And We raised him to a high station.” (19:56-57)
During the Night Journey, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed by him in fourth heaven. In a hadith, Ibn ‘Abbaas asked Ka’b what was meant by the part of the verse which says, “And We raised him to a high station.” Ka’b explained:
Allah revealed to Idris: ‘I would raise for you every day the same amount of the deeds of all Adam’s children’ – perhaps meaning of his time only. So Idris wanted to increase his deeds and devotion. A friend of his from the angels visited and Idris said to him: ‘Allah has revealed to me such and such, o could you please speak to the angel of death, so I could increase my deeds.’ The angel carried him on his wings and went up into the heaven. When it was the fourth heaven, they met the angel of death, who was descending down towards earth. The angel spoke to him, about what Idris had spoken to him before. The angel of death said: ‘But where is Idris?’ He replied, ‘He is upon my back.’ The angel of death said: ‘How astonishing! I was sent and told to seize his soul in the fourth heaven. I kept thinking how I could seize it in the fourth heaven when he was on the earth?’ Then he took his soul out of his body, and that is what is meant by the verse: ‘And We raised him to a high station.’
SubhaanAllah. You can’t run from destiny. This is the extent of the sure knowledge we have of Idrees ‘alayhis salaam.
next we will begin the story of Nuh, or Noah.