Vocabulary

inshaAllah I will put up an index of all of the vocabulary discussed for each of the hadith

*august 2011 I realize I do not update this page as of late…too much going on.

I really wish I knew how to type up arabic on the site, but inshaAllah I will try to make the transliteration as simple and understandable as possible. Some notes on the transliteration:

‘   (the apostrophe key) is the letter ‘ain

` (the key beside the number “1”) is for hamza

Any time there are two consecutive vowels, signifies a long vowel, that is an alif, ya or wow

for example, Qala would be qaaf, laam. Whereas qaala would be qaaf, alif, laam.

asbaab al-nuzool

the circumstances surrounding the revelation of particular ayahs

asbaab wurood al-hadith

circumstances surrounding particular speech of thte Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

dhaeef

weak;

ghareeb

in at least one of the links, there is only one known acceptable narrator;  in al-Tirmidhi’s terminlogy, the word ghareeb when used by itself usually implies that the hadith is weak.

ijmaa`

consensus [of the scholars]

israa’eeliyaat

stories from the Jews and Christians narrated for the purpose of exhortation or intimidation as long as they are not known to be false reports

Mu’min

a believer who has real faith in his heart

munqata

a chain (of hadith) which is broken; missing a narrator

Muslim

One who submits outwardly to Allah (as opposed to a Mu’min or a Muhsin)

mutawaatir

the hadith is narrated by so many people in each chronological link that it is inconceivable that they could have all agreed upon a lie or all committed the same mistake

ra’i

opinion; personal reasoning

shaadh

it is a type of weak hadith where it is shown that a narrator has narrated something contridicted by a stronger authority. Ash Shafi’ee’s definition: “A trustworthy narrator reports something in contradiction to what the people report. This does not include a person narrationg what no others narrate.”

“The Six Books”

The “six books of hadith” are: Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan al-Nasaa`i, Sunan Abu Dawood, Sunan Al-Tirmidhi, Sunan ibn Majah. The term does not imply that all of the hadith in these works are authenticor that they are the strongest books of hadith. Instead, the term became widespread due to the popularity of the collections.

takhreej

the study of hadith

One Response to Vocabulary

  1. Pingback: Hadith #1 « Umm Ibraheem

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